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Moisture alarms are the most successful single treatment for bed-wetting.footnote 1 They work best for older children who can hear the alarm and wake themselves. If attempts to use a reward system (motivational therapy), drink most fluids in the morning and afternoon, and use the toilet right before going to bed aren't helping, then an alarm may be a good choice for your child. Moisture alarms may be used with other treatments. The alarms aren't meant for children who wet the bed only once or twice a week.footnote 2
Moisture alarms for bed-wetting are worn on the body and make a sound when urine first touches the child's underclothing. The child is encouraged to try to "beat the buzzer." When the alarm sounds, the child:
At first, parents may need to help the child with all of the above steps. Children younger than 10 may not hear the alarm, but the treatment still works if parents hear it and wake the child. Also, the parent or child may keep a chart or calendar of dry, wet, and wet-spot nights to encourage the child. The child's doctor will want updates on how this method is working.
A child is less likely to return to bed-wetting after using a moisture alarm if:
Moisture alarms are inexpensive, safe, and fairly simple to use. But the child and the parents need to be trained on how to use the alarm.
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Graham KM, Levy JB (2009). Enuresis. Pediatrics in Review, 30(5): 165-173.
National Clinical Guideline Centre (2010). Nocturnal enuresis: The management of bedwetting in children and young people. London, UK: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). http://www.guidelines.gov/content.aspx?id=25680.
Other Works Consulted
Glazener CMA, et al. (2005). Alarm interventions for nocturnal enuresis in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2).
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerSusan C. Kim, MD - PediatricsKathleen Romito, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerMartin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine
Current as ofMarch 28, 2018
Current as of:
March 28, 2018
Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics
& Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine
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